4, “Basic Concepts and. Accounting Principles underlying Financial Statements of Business. Enterprises “, October, , pp ). According to 'Dictionary of. This explanation of accounting basics will introduce you to some basic We will present the basics of accounting through a story of a person starting a new. Accounting Basics. Important Disclaimer. Important Note: The text in this chapter is intended to clarify business-related concepts. It is not intended nor can it.

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    Accounting Basics Pdf

    Accounting Basics, Part 1. Part 1. Accrual, Double-Entry. Accounting, Debits & Credits,. Chart of Accounts,. Journals and,. Ledger. This tutorial will help you understand the basics of financial accounting and its This tutorial has been designed to help beginners pursuing education in. Business Accounting Basics Frank Wood David Horner Business Accounting Basics is the ideal introduction into the fundamentals of bookkeeping and financial.

    Stock turnover Ratio: The ratio indicates whether investment in inventory in efficiently used or not. It, therefore explains whether investment in inventory within proper limits or not. Formula: cost of goods sold Average stock Debtors Turnover Ratio: The ratio the better it is, since it would indicate that debts are being collected more promptly. The ration helps in cash budgeting since the flow of cash from customers can be worked out on the basis of sales. Creditors Turnover Ratio: It indicates the speed with which the payments for credit downloads are made to the creditors.

    Rajesh Accounting Although Luca Pacioli did not invent double-entry bookkeeping, his page treatise on bookkeeping contained the first known published work on that topic, and is said to have laid the foundation for double-entry bookkeeping as it is practiced today. Even though Pacioli's treatise exhibits almost no originality, it is generally considered as an important work, mainly because of its wide circulation, it was written in the vernacular Italian language, and it was a printed book.

    Rajesh Accounting Even in our country, Chanakya has clearly indicated the need of Accounting and Auditing in his book Arthashastra. The Indian system of accounting is as scientific and systematic as the one developed in the West. We do not lag behind the West in the origin and development of accounting.

    Rajesh Are Book-keeping and Accountancy synonymous? Both the terms are different from each other.

    However, there is no universally accepted line of demarcation or division between the two. Transaction means any dealing, expressed in terms of money.

    The books in which the transactions are recorded are called Books of Accounts. Bookkeeper arrives at the final balances of different accounts, after totaling the accounts. The job of a book-keeper is to the extent of preparing trial balance, duly tallied. Book-keeping is mainly of clerical nature.

    Anyone who has basic knowledge of the principles of bookkeeping can maintain the books of accounts. On the other hand, accountancy requires deep knowledge of the principles and their application.

    Though, book-keeping and accountancy are different in several aspect, they are supplementary to each other.

    Book-keeping and accounting are not synonymous interchangeable terms. Accountant guides a book-keeper and reviews the job, done by him. Normally, a book-keeper works under the supervision of an accountant.

    The functions of an Accountant can be summarised as under: Examination of entries made in the books of accounts Verification of trial balance Rectification of errors, if any, in accounts Recording the adjustments Preparation of trading account Preparation of profit and loss account Preparation of balance sheet Analysis of results and Deriving conclusions and communication of the results.

    An accountant is required to have much higher skill and knowledge, compared to a Book-keeper.

    The larger the firm, higher is the responsibility of an accountant. This may be profit or loss. What are the three main types of accounts? Why is Depreciation not Charged on Land?

    Accounting Book

    There is no scope for leaving this one out from any list of finance and accounting interview questions. The reason why you will never see depreciation being charged on land is that land has an infinite useful life.

    Without knowing how many years a fixed asset will last depreciation cannot be charged. What is Amortization? Amortization is only done for Intangible assets, unlike depreciation which is for tangible assets. Reduction in value by prorating the cost of an intangible asset over multiple accounting periods is called amortization.

    Accounting basics explained

    Example — A small-sized technology company Unreal Corp. If you may wish to deep dive into the topic here is our detailed article on Amortization with an example 5. This one also stands tall among top finance and accounting interview questions asked in technical rounds by hiring managers.

    What are the three main Financial Statements?

    Accounting Basics Tutorial in PDF

    Again, follow the i. Income Statement — It presents a summarized view of revenue, income, profit, and loss of a particular accounting period. Cash Flow Statement — It shows the movement of cash and cash equivalents for a business during an accounting period.